archaeological site of amarynthos
Located in the southern Evoikos gulf that inhabited prehistoric and classical period to the Roman period (3000 B.C.-1st century A.D.). In the Byzantine era two churches were built in the area.
The region was regarded as a place of worship of Artemis Amarysias, from the excavations, however, proved that it is prehistoric and classic settlement and that the temple stood on the plain. The name of Amarynthos is mentioned in linear b script.
archaeological site of artemision
Located at the northernmost point of Evia, opposite the Pilion. Became known from the battle between Greeks and Persians in August of 480 B.C. The Cape took its name from the sanctuary of Artemis Prosiwas, which was parked on the beach where the Greek fleet during battle. In the area of Artemision, apart from the Temple of Artemis Prosiwas, who stood near the beach were developed and several villages location check the entry from the open Aegean Pagasitikos, Maliakos and the Northern Euboean Gulf to chalcis, and led to the development in antiquity. Important facts about the area and the inscription of artemision, which mentions the names of 17 municipalities eyboϊkwn, of whom, however, none has been identified with specific location in Northern Evia.
City network created by the Athenians after the defection of Istiaia in 446 BC from the Delian league and the Athenian installation elders from the area with the Center Wreo. But it is likely to be created at the end of the 4th and 3rd century BC. for example, during the wars of the Successors of Alexander the great for control of southern Greece. The area began to decline in the Roman period.
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archaeological site of dystos
It is located in the area of Kastri Hill, where there is the wall of the ancient city, which dates back to the first half of the 4th century B.C. was built in bulk from large and well worked stones and its width reached two meters. Fortified with 11 towers, arranged at intervals around the Hill. In the eastern part of the wall dominates the unique gate flanked by two towers. The ischyra East Portal walls may rescued the Dystos from siege.
In the Northwest and South of the Hill kept the ruins of houses that were built from stones dating to the archaic and classical times. For their manufacture has been used local marble. Most houses were one room, while some had a yard and barn. The best preserved of them, called 'big House' and is located in the East of the village, is a valuable sample residential architecture of the 4th century. e.g. access to surrounded village should become from a main road, which ran through the northern and southern part, while small alleyways lead to homes. For the water supply of the town used a large public reservoir, carved in the southern part of the defensive wall.
An important element in determining the limits of the Distos is the recent discovery of two Tomb stone. The first, dating to the second half of the 5th century for example, was in the East boundaries of Lake and southwest of St. George's Church. A second term with the inscription OROS ELEM, assassinated, found carved in natural rock, in a two-storeyed building enclosure on the Hill of Kontostayleikwn. This inscription is the first direct testimony that the Dystos was municipality that belonged to the Eretriaki territory. "Report: Dystos-Evia" polis in Filippika of Theopompoy, which is preserved by the writer Stephen of Byzantium, is the only witness of the ancient city. According to ancient literature the word ' dystos» declares the miserable, while recently formulated the theory that the toponym probably derives from some diving or precipitation, that happened in the area and refers to a geological phenomenon.
The port continued to be used even during the Roman period, as demonstrated by the finding 95 dinars (treasure of Byrrwn) of the Roman Republic.
archaeological site of eretria
Located southwest of Chalcis in plain surrounded by hills Boydochi in the west and Zerboyni to the east. The ruins of scattered beneath the modern city, across the expanse that stretches from the coast to the Hill to the North, where stood the Acropolis. The city was protected by a strong wall, which was built in the archaic age and repaired in the 4th century. e.g. posits the Acropolis and stood as the port and had a length of 4,000 m The western part was just before the stream that flowed into the western edge of the city and there was a long Jetty, which today is beneath the surface of the sea. The East wall also stood up to the coast and came to a natural breakwater, while along the coast the two strands joined together with the coastal wall. In the yard were two main gates, one on the West side and one on the East. The West Gate was the oldest and most important of the city, which was built up by the torrent, along with bridge.
The space inside the wall was formed in three districts, the Eastern, Western and Northern, separated by two main roads. The road connecting the two gates, which were opened in the Eastern and the Western Wall, while the second ran from the middle of the first and leading South, to the Temple of Apollo, that was at the core of the city. South of the church there was the ancient market square with arcades, shops, the dome, fountains and Holy. Just next to the South, coastal wall there were baths of the 3rd century. e.g., workshops, warehouses and arsenals, while the southwestern edge of the city, next to the port, stood the Temple of ISIS and the lower Gymnasium or palaestra, buildings of the 4th century. e.g., that were repaired after the 198 BC
At the foot of the Hill of the Acropolis, next to the West Gate, was shaped in geometric, classical and Hellenistic times Western District. Along the Western Wall, South of the gate are magnificent buildings, such as the War Memorial, with rich burials of geometric times, the Palace I and II, majestic homes that were constructed in the 4th century. for example, and a temple of the 5th century. e.g. North of the gate and the road stands the Temple of Dionysos and the theater, the most impressive monument of the city, which was built in the 5th century. BC and perfected in the 4th century. e.g. East of theatre lies the upper high school, built in ysteroklasiki period and repaired after the 198 BC, and the stage. Further north, on the hillside, the Thesmophorion, of the 3rd century. for example, the Temple of ARTEMIS, who was Premier, but continued to be used until the 3rd century. e.g.
Further East, at the junction of cross street with another, leading to the temple, the ruins of the famous "House with mosaics", of the 4th century. for example, it is a characteristic example of eretriakwn houses and are among the best preserved.
Eretria in the third quarter of the 6th century. for example, cut its own coins, while at the end of the 6th century. the regime became democratic and development experienced a new impetus. The 494 b.c. helped Miletus in rebellion against the Persians, which led to the destruction of the Dates and Ataferti four years later, in 490 b.c. Took part on the side of the Greeks at the battle of Artemisium and Salamis and conflicts of plataea. He participated in the First Athenian Alliance, but the 411 BC shook off the Athenian hegemony and rebounded financially. Then strengthened the wall that protected the city, built new houses and magnificent public buildings, such as the West Gate and the theatre. In the 4th century B.C. the city was ruled by tyrants, who once followed filoathinaϊki and sometimes filothibaϊki policy.
In 338 B.C., after the battle of Chaeronea Eretria was under the domination of the Macedonians and the City launched a new boom period, economic and cultural. The Eretria painter lived Hospitable, who painted the painting with the battle of Issus, the dramatist Achaeus, the philosopher Menedimos, founder of the Eretriakis School, while living here for a while and the Macedonian Kings Cassander, Demetrios Poliorketes and Antigonus Gonatas. The 198 B.C. the city kyrieythike and destroyed by the Roman Empire and from then began the decline. In 87 B.C., allied with the King of Pontus Mithridates against the Roman Empire, who destroyed for a second time a year later. The city was abandoned and gradually deserted.
archaeological site of the sanctuary of artemis
Located in the boeotian coast, in southern Euboean gulf, opposite the fountain of Areyoysas, which is located in Agios Stefanos. The Aylideias Artemis is preserved today in the temple, the Holy fountain and several other buildings were added during the Hellenistic period.
From the Temple of Aylideias Artemis the Temple of goddess classic. The Sanctum is located in front of the Temple in the Southeast. It was built in the 5th century B.C., on the ruins of an older church. The dimensions are 9.40 x 31 m. comprises vestibule opened with 4 or 6 Doric pillars on the facade, nave divided in three naves with two rows of four ionic columns and sanctuary. Sanctuary was divided from the nave by marble door and had an area of 3.70 x 7.55 m Two statues of Apollo and Artemis were standing at the entrance of the sanctuary. Inside the temple statues found bases offerings, small "treasures" and banks bids.
The Sacred fountain of Temenos is 8 m east of the temple and flanked by precinct. Water alleging square (1.80 x 1.80 m) tank, which was accessible from outsite scale and were probably roofed. The Hellenistic period build complex buildings (buildings ''l'', ''n'', ' w'', ' m''), which date back to the 3rd-2nd century b.c. and is located south of the Temple of Artemis. The band are rooms arranged around a central courtyard around a central courtyard; the findings , among which there is a ceramic kiln, clay vessels and figurines and built benches, showed that the buildings ''l'', ''n'' and ''p'' was organized potteries and earthenware, while the '' m '' building probably was guesthouse, in which guests were staying.
Later, in place of the temple that was destroyed in 396 A.D. established bathing facilities (baths). The baths were constructed after the 4th century. ad up in the eastern part of the cella of the temple and the area further north. As a building material used architectural gems and sculptures from the temple.
The Aulis is known from the Trojan War and the sacrifice of Iphigenia,. In Aulis had gathered the Greek fleet before they depart for Troy. The war between Greeks and Trojans we finds Artemis indifferent. One of the first incidents that occurred before you even start the war was due to the anger and the wrath of Artemis. The Greek fleet, because of apnea who had created the goddess could not start. A random occurrence of the achaeans of Agamemnon had caused this situation. Once without perceiving himself had invaded in a Grove, dedicated to Artemis, and had killed a sacred deer. The goddess was outraged so much that demanded the sacrifice of his daughter Iphigenia so favorable winds to help sailing the English ships. The edge of the sacred phase lasted from the classical to the Roman period.
The area has been inhabited since the Mycenaean period (16th-12th century BC), the Homeric though Aulis believed is found further north, at the location of Glyfa, close to Chalkida. Relics of the Mycenaean era have been found in the Rocky area Geladoboyni.
The Aulis was never a town. Considered part of thiban province until 387 B.C. By then belonged territorially in Tanagra. The Spartan king, Agesilaus, as '' new '' Agamemnon, sacrificed in the Temple of Aylideias Artemis before for Asia in 397 BC.
archaeogical site of kymi
Located just 3 km from the sea, on the Biglatoyri hill next to the river Manikia (the ancient Acheloos). Here revealed a whole settlement of prehistoric and geometric period houses, temples, squares, streets and tombs. The ruins cover all slopes of the Hill.
Have uncovered rectangular and arched structures, paved roads, built from small stones, pebbles and pressed shells, and a small section of the wall at the foot of the Hill. At the heart of the settlement there was square and an oval stone-built building, Sanctuary, found undisturbed and pottery, which dates to the mid 8th century E.D. Respectively examples oval buildings of this period are known from Euboea (Lefkandi, where various groups and religious observances in honor of the dead), but also outside of Evia, in Izmir and in Areio. To the East of free paved area revealed a kisti with many animal bones, which was probably a kind of grille, where they became the sacrifices. The shape of the altar is known in the East but also in the Cyclades. The sacred space, which according to the pottery found there, flourished from the mid-8th century. BC and destroyed around 700 BC, it is believed that served as a place of worship nobles, who travelled and lost away from home.
Beneath the ruins of the geometric settlement significantly preserved relic of older residential phases, arriving until the Neolithic period. From the settlement of prehistoric era distinguished buildings with craft facilities (ovens of μεσοελλαδικής period) and the so-called "Megaron of Mycenaean times, under the later heroon.
The peak period of settlement in Biglatoyri coincides with the geometric period. A little lower than the top of the Hill, on the southwest side, which is easier to access, identify the geometric settlement, which must have been fortified. Reference in ancient Kimi becomes the 1st cent. ad by Strabo, who writes that the Italian Kimi, located in the Gulf of Naples, is nearest colony and even of Chalkidaiwn and Kymaiwn ("Kimi Chalkidaiwn and Kymaiwn palaiotaton building. And the stolon agontes Ippoklis the Kymaios and the Chalkideys diwmologisanto Megasthenes to sfas them, one is apoikian, of the name, although Kimi, prosagoreyetai ERGO ktisai d 'this dokoysi' Chalcidians). As can be seen from this passage, the inhabitants of eyboϊkwn cities was initiated in the last quarter of the 8th century B.C. adventure of colonization of the West and managed to overcome through sea route obstacles of covering a huge for the time distance and the dangers of an unknown world.
archaeological site of lefkadi
It is situated between Chalkis and Eretria, on the west coast of Evia, in Xeropoli area of the municipality, on which Liladion found successive residential phases, of which the oldest dating to the early Bronze age.
On the hill called Tuba revealed a vaulted building, which has about 47 m long and 10 m wide. This is the well-known Memorial of Leykantioy, which was constructed in the first half of the 10th century B.C. and is the largest monumental edifice of the early iron age, has been discovered in the Greek world. The building had an outdoor wooden colonnade. Inside, in the main room, found two burials hegemonic character, a man and a woman, who were accompanied by rich funeral gifts, some of which were imported from the East, as well as horse burials. This building is interpreted as home ruler-toparchi, which after his death was turned into a Memorial and was covered by a TUMULUS.
In the adjacent Hills have revealed cemeteries of the settlement, the investigation of which yielded a significant number of burials (179 tombs and burning 93 dead). The location favored the development of the city, which played an important role in the history of the area and was a great center of Commerce of the Eastern Mediterranean basin and Phoenicia as the Black Sea. Here is placed the Lilantio field, the lush valley between Chalkis and Eretria, for whom a collision early in the 6th century. for example, the two most important cities of Euboea.
According to the findings, which come mainly from the cemeteries, the peak period of the settlement dates back to the geometric period, between 900 and 700 b.c. during the Mycenaean period Evia was controlled by the Palace of Thebes and after its destruction it seems that the village of Leykantioy gained greater independence and the ability to control his fate. The residents have developed commercial relations with the rest of the Aegean and the East, as demonstrated by the new iconographic themes, decorating the pots. The settlement and the cemeteries have yielded important clues to the geometric period (1050-700 B.C.), who was not a season of inadequacy and isolation after the destruction of the Mycenaean world. The rich findings uncovered, and especially gold jewelry and luxury goods from the East, showing that the Lefkandi was an important settlement with a variety of commercial contacts and with rich upper class. The settlement in Xeropoli was abandoned in 700 B.C., probably as a consequence of the Lelantine war.
archaeological site of manika
Located close to Chalkida. The largest excavated part of the settlement that survives today is the Division I, where identified public buildings and residences in great density. There are 8 side buildings with courtyards, side by side. One path leads to the sea, while to him end up other roads with a-d address. At this point buildings dating to the early early helladic II period, although there are a few earlier relics. Particular importance should have two unusual lamellar buildings with thick walls that are very likely that belonged to "granaries" and dated also to early Helladic II.
The buildings of the hose had a flat roof, because in the excavations remains of missing tiles. Cobblestones exist in open and enclosed spaces. Similar paved observed in other first ages hellenic villages, such as Linobrochi, Magoula Eretria and Kalogerobrysi. The shape of the buildings is usually rectangular, while the arched structures are rarer and usually atypical. The importance of the cemetery of the hose is particularly important because from there come and most artifacts (pottery, metal tools and utensils). Although the tombs were excavated not exceeding three hundred, represent a rare funerary ensemble, which has been studied extensively by constructional point of view, in terms of the findings but and skeletal debris. It is a monumental chiseled tombs that their construction seems a well organized and hierarchical society. The skeletal material is studied by the Department of biology of the University of Athens and prepares complete publication, which, in conjunction with the offerings will contribute to a better knowledge of the social and economic conditions.
The ancient tombs of the cemetery is basically Greek, but there are many funeral gifts East and cycladic type. The Oriental pottery found in the cemetery of the hose to the early Helladic III period and is often most of the cycladic. Similar Oriental pottery has been found and the Cyclades (Syros, PAROS, Kastri, Delos) and has supported theories concerning invasion of Eastern women. In mainland Greece, there is a keen internationalist climate in the context of exchanges and a train that favored the spread of kykladic and oriental cultures. The village of Hose was an entire city although not so densely built-up, after it was found that there were several excavation uncovered area. The heyday of the settlement is that controlled the main sea route of communication of that era, the Euboean Gulf, while handled and processed the Obsidian and mainly metals, in which scope the greatest growth.