History of Evia
Evia was inhabited since the Paleolithic era.
Settlers Abantes from Evia founded colonies in Ionia (Asia minor).
At the end of the 6th century BC, the young Athenian democracy gave battles for survival and stabilisation. The opponents included the Boeotians and the Chalcidians. The decisive battle took place in 507/6 BC, and the Athenians were imposed in joined rivals. Stretched out their dominance throughout the Evia.
Then, 4,000 Athenian settlers are shared the estates held by landowners of chalcis. A few years later, broke out the Ionic revolt. The inhabitants of Eretria sent five boats to help in the fight against the Persians. They paid their energy in 490 BC, when, before the battle of Marathon, the Persians destroyed the city.
In 446 BC, Pericles subjugated the island again. Evia got attic character and remained in the following on the side of Athens. When, at the end of the Peloponnesian War, Athens ceased to be sovereign of Evia, the island's inhabitants remained loyal friends. And when I created the second Athenian Alliance, rushed to join in it.
After the battle of Chaeronea (338 BC), Evia was subjugated to the Macedonians.
Document distribution of territories of the Byzantine Empire written after the capture of Constantinople from the Franks (1204), foresaw that Evia would become a Venetian possession. As to move though the Venetians, conquered the island the Fleming James NF ' Abesn (Avesne). This was followed by wars between the Franks, with the Chalkida to lost and overpowered many times.
Chalkis was Venetian Fortress (Negroponte), where in June 1470 seemed three hundred Turkish ships with an army of sixty and seventy thousand men as. And on the opposite shore himself arrived Mehmed II the Conqueror, led other (over 150,000) men. The Venetian garrison and the local defenders did not exceed the 2,500 men.
The constant Turkish raids lasted 16 to 17 days. In front of the walls of Chalkis had killed approximately 30,000 Ottomans. When the Chalkida fell, the Ottomans entered the city and began the massacres. The Turks converted Evia in pasaliki and stayed there as the 1833, when the island passed to the Greek State with exchange: on the basis of the London Protocol signed by the 13 June 1830, the Turks kept it with a statute of autonomy and the Dodecanese and Samos which had been released and granted the Evia who still possessed.