Located at a distance of 30 km. from the centre of Kalamata, just outside the village of Mavrommati. It is one of the best preserved ancient cities of Greece. The city owes its name to the mythical Queen Messene, daughter of the King of Argos Triopa and remained the cultural center of Messinia up 359 BC, with the invasion of the Goths of Alarichos that the flattened.
The city was built in 369 B.C. by the Theban general Epaminondas and created according to the hippodamian system in order, according to which all the buildings have the same orientation. The space is divided into horizontal and vertical axes, while the town wall has a length of 9 km. with two main gates. One was the Arcadian (gate of Megalopolis) and the other the Laconic.
The most important monuments of the site are the Theatre (antecedent of the Hellenistic era and reconstructed on the emperors Augustus and Tiberius in mid 2nd century a.d.), the sanctuary of Isis and Sarapidos, an early Byzantine Basilica, the fountain of Arsinoe (daughter of the mythical King of Messenia Lefkippos and mother of Asclepius), the Western side of the market, the sanctuary of Zeus Sotiros, Roman villa of the late Roman period , stadium and Gymnasium (features samples of conservation building complexes of the ancient city).
palace of nestor
It is located 14 km. from Pylos the hill up Englianos. It is the best preserved specimen of the Mycenaean Palace throughout Greece.
It was discovered in 1939 by the American archaeologist C. W. Blegen from the University Cincinnati in cooperation with the Greek archaeologist K. Koyroynioti., the band consisted of four buildings, with the Southwest being the Palace of Nileos, father of Nestor, the Central (today is covered by a metal canopy) to the famous Palace of Nestor, while to the East there is the newest building which collapsed at the end of the 14th B.C.
Nestor Palace was a two storey building with large courtyards, several warehouses, apartments, workshops, bathrooms, stairwells etc the most important of these was the great rectangular throne room with a circular fireplace, bathroom with bathtub and clay's warehouses with the many storage vessels. The halls were decorated with stunning frescoes, while the floors painted representations are observed.