History of Messinia

The country reports and Homer and Tyrtaeus. Euripides calls Kallikarpi, irrigated with abundant water, with rich pastures, where cattle graze cattle and poultry, with climate always mild and sweet. Aeolians, Pelasgians and Lelekes inhabited the country prior to the arrival of dorians in 1100 B.C. Main castles was the Ira, the Amfia and the Ithome, where the Temple of Ithomata Zeus. Supported the view that the dorians conquered not Messinia before Messinian wars. After these many inhabitants of Messinia fled from their country. Many arrived in Sicily in 628 b.c. and settled in the city Zaglis guesthouse, which got their name andnamed Messene. Many of messinians fugitives, they returned to their homeland after the defeat of the Spartans at Leuctra by the Thebans in 368 BC and built the new Messene in the foothills of Mt. iThome. In 146 B.C. the Messinia with the whole Greece surrendered to the Roman Empire. The 395 suffered severe damage from the raids of Goths with Alaric and other barbarian invasions by Slavs and Abaroys. Then its residents fled to the coast and built new cities and the coastal castles (Navarino, Methoni, Koroni, Kalamata). Passed the sovereignty of francs in 1205. The 1821 first liberated Kalamata. In Kalamata, the Pyotr published the Greek independence Declaration. At Methoni in Messinia alighted in 1825, Ibrahim with his army. The fleet Was of 3 great powers (Britain, France, Russia) destroyed the Turkish fleet in October 1828. After freeing Messinia followed the fortunes of Greece.